Drayer Download: Dealing With Concussions In Sports

Drayer Download: Dealing With Concussions In Sports

by: Brad Yeargin, Drayer Physical Therapy Institute

A concussion is a brain injury in which the brain collides with the inside of the skull. Concussions always are serious, can occur in any sport, and can result from a blow to the body or a shaking at the head. Most of them occur without a loss of consciousness.

Adolescents are more likely than adults to get concussions and their recovery takes longer. Athletes with a history of concussions are at an increased risk for another concussion. A repeat concussion before the brain is fully healed from the first injury will take longer than normal to recover from and increases the likelihood of long-term problems.

Recognition of and proper response to concussions when they first occur can prevent further injury or even death. Here’s a checklist of signs and symptoms to consider:


A forceful bump, blow or jolt to the head or body

Concussion symptoms or a change in the athlete’s:



Physical functioning

What you can see

The athlete appears dazed or stunned

Confused about assignment

Forgets instruction

Unsure of game, score or opponent

Moves clumsily

Answers questions slowly

Loses consciousness

Mood changes

Can’t recall events before or after hit

What the athlete reports




Blurry vision

Sensitivity to light

Sensitivity to noise

Feeling sluggish

Concentration problems



Remove athlete from competition

Ensure the athlete is evaluated by a health care professional experienced in concussion evaluation

Laws vary by state but can include primary care physicians, sports medicine physicians, certified athletic trainers Inform athlete’s parents of possible concussion

Keep athlete out of play until cleared by a health care professional

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